[EN] Video Transcript
“Cultural diversity and tolerance in Algeria: A typology of challenge” has been issued in response to the expectations of the Anna Lindh Report on Intercultural Trends 2021.
It brings together three main areas: the first one, values and mutual perceptions, second perceptions about women's role in society, and three living together in multicultural environments.
Algeria has witnessed many changes in time, the influence of history, culture, languages, and religion remaining unchanged, however, multiple events in the general political area and scene have undoubtedly influenced the way Algerians perceive their space and their place within the Euro-Med region.
From the results of the poll, it is clear that Algeria remains a conservative country that bases its key values on religious beliefs and practices. However, the Algerian population cultivates on the Arab, Berber, Islamic heritage, while calling for a radical modernization of society.
This cultural confrontation puts the Algerian society at the crossroads of traditions that no longer commend their total living and a modernism that is attractive yet does not seem to satisfy their needs and aspirations. Another broad dimension that reflects levels of cultural diversity and tolerance is the role attributed to women in society.
It is important to acknowledge that Algeria has made notable progress with relation to women's empowerment in recent years. However, despite the numerous organic and institutional laws introduced in Algeria, traditional practices still put women in a lower rank on the hierarchical ladder. Thus, more efforts need to be put on the empowerment of women's role in society. When analyzing the results of the poll, the situation in Algeria is paradoxically intriguing.
While Algeria is a culturally conservative country, in many ways, it is open to change for a living together in a multicultural environment. Respondents in Algeria do not see problems in exploring new cultures and ways of life. For most respondents, the main barriers to cross-cultural encounters reside in practical travel and language difficulties, which can be most easily overcome. In conclusion, cultural diversity and tolerance seem to be a typology of challenge between xenophobia, Islamophobia and hate speech. It is the duty of each and everyone to fight for peace and living together. Building intercultural dialogue will depend on our capacity to promote cultural diversity and tolerance.